Why the sale of human organs should be illegal. Should Human Organs Be Illegal 2022-12-27
Why the sale of human organs should be illegal Rating:
The sale of human organs, also known as organ trafficking, is a controversial and complex issue that has garnered significant attention from governments, medical professionals, and ethicists around the world. While some argue that legalizing the sale of organs could help to address the shortage of organ donations and save lives, there are many compelling reasons why the sale of human organs should remain illegal.
First and foremost, the sale of organs is fundamentally unethical. It violates the fundamental principle that our bodies and organs are not commodities to be bought and sold. Allowing people to buy and sell organs would create a system where those with financial resources could effectively purchase the bodies and organs of others, leading to a gross exploitation of the poor and vulnerable. It would also create a market for organs that could potentially lead to exploitation and abuse of people who are willing to sell their organs in order to survive.
In addition to being unethical, the sale of organs could also have serious negative consequences for public health. Legalizing organ sales could create an underground market for organs, which could lead to the exploitation of people who are desperate to sell their organs in order to survive. This could result in organs being obtained through unethical means, such as through coercion or fraud, which could put the health and lives of organ recipients at risk.
Furthermore, the sale of organs could perpetuate existing inequalities and perpetuate a system where those with financial resources are able to obtain the organs they need, while those who are less financially secure are left behind. This could lead to a two-tiered system where those with financial resources are able to access the best medical care, while those who are less financially secure are left to suffer and die due to a lack of access to organs.
Ultimately, the sale of human organs is a complex issue that raises a number of ethical and public health concerns. While it is true that organ shortages are a significant problem that needs to be addressed, the sale of organs is not a viable solution. Instead, we should focus on increasing organ donation rates through education and awareness campaigns, and improving the distribution of organs to ensure that they are distributed equitably and ethically.
Reasons The Sale Of Human Organs Should Be Illegal
So one possible principle that we might wish to endorse here is that: If A requires and obtains from B valid consent to do x to B, that is sufficient to guarantee that, in doing x to B, A does not wrongfully instrumentalise or objectify B. Since the kidney is the most commonly transplanted organ and since the ethics literature on organ sale is mainly about kidney sale from live donors, that is the practice on which this entry will focus. Some may argue that people in desperate situations where their families are suffering financially may be more tempted to sell their organs or attempt suicide that would result in brain death but organ preservation so their families would benefit from the financial compensation. The black market sales of organs has gone as far as social media where some are seen looking to buy organs to help a family member or some to sell their organ s to live a better life. Starting in 1988, Iran began a program in which donors were compensated for giving up their organs, thus In essence, the pros and cons are hard to weigh in the argument for a legal organ market. Perhaps the voluntary blood donation system and indeed a voluntary posthumous organ donation system can be used as a method of encouraging a valuable culture of altruism, but this is much less likely to work in the case of living organ donation Archard 2002; Campbell 2009; Titmuss 1997. Scott and Seglow 2007, 2 give the following very pertinent example: Consider the racist organ donor … who wishes to donate their organs, but only to those of their own race.
But could Wackenheim's friend actually use him as a projectile, whilst at the same time respecting the fact that he is a person or in Kantian terms an end-in-himself? The second which is not incompatible with the first says that altruism is good because of its positive effects, not only its direct effects on the person to whom the altruism is directed but also its indirect effects on society. ² The costs of an organ transplant will vary for each patient, based on insurance coverage, the type of transplant and the location of the transplant center. Thus, the sale of contaminated human organs by such organizations is not a surprise. The society supports its aggrieved citizens by legalizing the trading of organs. To me, there is nothing more special than the gift of life. The sale of human organs is right in their view because it has helped many people live better lives. Moreover, buyers are willing to obtain organs in the black market illegally and immorally.
If the worry is danger, we should object to dangerous donation of all kinds, not just the paid variety. To help think through these principles consider the case of Manuel Wackenheim. To recover the blood lost while undergoing the operation, the person is required to feed well and eat plenty of fruits and vegetables that are costly to such a person. Along with being illegal and punishable by law, there Compensation For Organs Compensation to Donors for Organs The sale of human organs in return for compensation is a very controversial topic. Human trafficking is an issue that affects various people. Furthermore, paid donations may even add to the amount of altruism in the world. Some Americans are open to donating but many more are against it or unaware of the process which leaves many without organs and dying every day.
If the foundation believes the kidneys are healthy enough for transplantation, they approve the donor. There are two readings of this. Only 26, 246 transplantations occurred between January and November of 2011, UNOS, 2012, Transplant Trends. According to the US Department of Health and Human Services Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network, there are approximately 123,000 patients on transplant waiting lists in the US and around 300,000 patients waiting for an organ transplant in China The Economist 2014. .
Is valid consent possible in these cases? In addition, the sale of human organs has helped many people receive some money to supplement their strained budgets at one moment or another. This issue is the object of the black market trade. The transfer of deceased organs should be heavily regulated to detect the death is not a result of murder for financial gain. Though the results of the research tell that there are people who would like to sell their organs, it is illegal. On the other hand, sale of human organs attracts several unethical practices, including killing for the organ. Human existence, medicine and ethics. Moreover, good nutrition will discourage unhappiness by the donors, a situation which is not in line with the theory of utilitarianism which considers actions as being ethical when their outcomes are associated with increased happiness Jone, 1999.
The Arguments for and Against Sale of Human Organs
The acts of selling organs in the modern society are dehumanizing. This is supported by two additional considerations. If he derives satisfaction from giving … he can still give, and nothing has been done to impair that right Arrow 1972, 350. The Government should give financial incentives to promote organ donation so as to save thousands of lives, to erode the black market and to better improve the flawed system we have today for organ transplant. So, more than 100,000 Americans are on a waiting list for kidneys. . In the illegal kidney trade, nobody has the sellers interests at heart.
Despite advances in medicine and technology, and increased awareness of organ donation and transplantation, there continues to be a gap between supply and demand. The recipient or their family pays the donor, using the foundation as an intermediary, If the donor and recipient agree on terms, both undergo tissue testing to make sure the recipient would be unlikely to reject the new kidney. All because timid governments would rather suppress commerce than give patients a market-based new shot at life. The Saving of Lives Argument unless rejected on empirical grounds has an important role in placing the onus of proof on the shoulders of the prohibitionists those who wish organ sale to be banned. Nevertheless a issue exists because the demand for organs surpasses the legally accessible supply. This immediately raises the question of why the very same consideration does not apply to free donation, which is standardly thought to be admirable rather than morally dubious. And, as far as the coercion argument is concerned, there is no reason to single out the trade in organs for special treatment.
Malmqvist 2015 , for example, argues that it is not clear that kidney sales and dangerous jobs really do involve comparable risks, all things considered. Direct sales are banned. In either situation there will be ethical dilemmas. People most readily associate it with the case in which one individual who needs or wants money sells his or her kidney to another who needs a kidney. So even if there is a quality of consent problem in these organ sale cases this is unlikely to justify prohibition.