A colony is a territory or region that is controlled and governed by a foreign power, typically a country. Colonies can be established for a variety of reasons, such as economic, military, or political gain. The country that establishes the colony is known as the colonizing power, while the people living in the colony are referred to as the colonized.
The history of colonization is long and complex, with many different powers establishing colonies around the world. The Spanish, Portuguese, and British were among the most active colonizers, establishing colonies in the Americas, Africa, and Asia. These colonies were often established through force and conquest, with the colonizing power imposing its own culture and laws on the colonized people.
Colonization often had significant impacts on the colonized regions and the people living there. It often led to the exploitation of natural resources and the exploitation and oppression of the indigenous populations. Colonization also often resulted in cultural assimilation, as the colonizing power imposed its own language and customs on the colonized people.
In modern times, the concept of colonialism has come under criticism, as it is often seen as a form of imperialism and a way for more powerful countries to exploit and control weaker ones. Many countries that were once colonies have gained independence and are now sovereign nations, though they may still face challenges as a result of their history of colonization.
In conclusion, a colony is a territory or region that is controlled and governed by a foreign power. Colonization has had a significant impact on history and has often resulted in exploitation and oppression of the colonized people. In modern times, the concept of colonization has come under criticism and many countries that were once colonies have gained independence.
Retrieved 6 November 2022. The practice of setting up colonies is called colonialism. The Spanish Empire: A Historical Encyclopedia 2 vol. That is, a country conquered a territory, and then people from that country moved in to control it. They often set up bases for their armies and navies in their colonies. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
The European Colonial Empires: 1815—1919 2015. The Native Americans were also vulnerable to new diseases, like smallpox, brought by the Europeans. These are settler colonialism; exploitation colonialism; plantation colonialism; surrogate colonialism; and internal colonialism. In the streaking method, a sterile inoculation loop or swab is used to obtain a microbial culture is then spread over an agar surface. As more European colonial powers arrived, avoidance turned to outright subjugation and enslavement of the indigenous population. Look up The word "colony" comes from the Latin word The terminology is taken from architectural analogy, where a column pillar is beneath the often stylized head caput, meaning 'head'. A suitable bacterial colony is identified and picked up with a loop, pipette tip, or toothpick and then inoculated into growth media to count bacteria.
The settlement itself is also called a colony. The Surrogate In surrogate colonialism, a foreign power encourages and supports, either openly or covertly, the settlement of a non-native group on territory occupied by an indigenous population. Colonialism While the two terms are often used interchangeably, colonialism and imperialism have slightly different meanings. Colony morphology is used to pick out a pure colony—that is a colony grown from a single parent cell. So colonies are not independently self-controlled, but rather are controlled by a separate entity that serves the capital function. The cells plated on this medium grow to form a mass, which can then be duplicated for further use in the lab.
It essentially dilutes the concentration of bacteria from the initial culture to form unique colonies from single cells. Micheal and Emily Slape. In modern parlance, a colony is a The term colony originates from the colon-us farmer, cultivator, planter, or settler , it carries with it the sense of 'farm' and 'landed estate'. What is colony a collective noun for? By measuring the growth of bacteria and other microorganisms, researchers can estimate the strength of bacterial infections and monitor the fermentation progress. Today few colonies are left.
One of the reasons countries formed colonies was to make money. The territorial government was disbanded and its elected premier was replaced by a British-appointed governor. Colonies are sometimes divided into two types: settlement colonies and colonies of occupation. India is an example of a colony of occupation. Microbiology is the study of microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi, viruses, protozoa, and more. They claim the new land for the original country, and the original country keeps some control over the colony. Alternatively, an Each of the dilutions are individually plated on a petri dish and incubated.
A few examples of countries generally considered to have been affected by colonialism during their histories include America, Australia, New Zealand, Algeria, and Brazil—countries that came to be controlled by a large number of settlers from European powers. You may have heard of an ant colony, which is a community of ants that decided to set up shop in a particular place; this is an example of ant colonization. However, unlike colonialism, which always involves the direct establishment of physical settlements in another country, imperialism refers to the direct or indirect political and monetary dominance of another country, either with or without the need for a physical presence. In many cases, an underlying purpose of the plantation colonies was to impose Western culture and religion on nearby indigenous peoples, as in the early East Coast American colonies like the Settlers roll barrels of tobacco up a ramp and onto a ship in preparation for export, Jamestown, Virginia, 1615. Exploitation Exploitation colonialism describes the use of force to control another country for purposes of exploiting its population as labor and its natural resources as raw material. Another reason countries set up colonies was to increase their military power. Department of State Foreign Affairs Manual Volume 7 - Consular Affairs.
Ateneo de Manila University Press. Retrieved 26 October 2022. Retrieved 13 September 2021. Republished by The Puerto Rico Herald. Postcolonial Literature — An Introduction. For example, the Turks and Caicos Islands is a British Overseas Territory in the Atlantic Ocean midway between the Bahamas and the Dominican Republic.
That was the beginning of a period of colonization. Still other colonies were founded as prisons. Appeals Judge, Dies at 87. Working with Bacterial Colonies in The Lab Microbial colonies are widely used in a wide range of research and to produce various proteins and enzymes. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
The Greco-Roman world of the New Testament era: exploring the background of early Christianity. Harvest of Empire Penguin Press. After incubation, plates containing 30 to 300 distinct, separate colonies are selected, and the colonies on it are counted. Instruments like a colony picking robot, which can often pick over 2500 colonies per hour, can help you speed up workflows in the lab, increase efficiency, and reduce errors. San Juan, Puerto Rico.
Below are the significant ways that labs work with microbial colonies. Countries that undertake colonialism do so mainly to benefit economically from the exploitation of the valuable natural and human resources of the colonized country. In other words, colonialism can be thought of as a tool of imperialism. Colonialism Definition In essence, colonialism is an act of political and economic domination involving the control of a country and its people by settlers from a foreign power. Decolonization Models for America's Last Colony: Puerto Rico.