What factors led to the atlantic slave trade. What factors influenced the abolition of the trans 2022-12-15
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The Atlantic slave trade, also known as the transatlantic slave trade, was a significant part of the history of the Americas and the African continent. It involved the forced transportation of millions of African people to the Americas, where they were subjected to brutal treatment and made to work in the fields, mines, and homes of Europeans and their descendants. The slave trade was a complex and multifaceted phenomenon that was shaped by a range of factors, including economic, political, and cultural considerations.
One of the main factors that led to the Atlantic slave trade was the demand for labor in the Americas. As the European powers began to colonize the Americas in the 16th and 17th centuries, they encountered a labor shortage. Indigenous peoples, who had lived in the Americas for thousands of years, were decimated by European diseases and forced labor, and the Europeans needed a new source of labor. They turned to Africa, where they found a vast and varied population that could be easily captured and transported to the Americas.
Another factor that contributed to the Atlantic slave trade was the economic incentive for European traders and plantation owners. The demand for labor in the Americas led to a lucrative market for African slaves, and European traders and plantation owners saw the opportunity to make significant profits by buying and selling enslaved people. The slave trade was a highly profitable business, and it attracted the attention of merchants, investors, and politicians in Europe and the Americas.
Political factors also played a role in the Atlantic slave trade. European powers such as Portugal, Spain, France, and Britain were engaged in fierce competition for colonies and resources in the Americas, and the slave trade became an important part of their imperial expansion. The slave trade also served as a means of consolidating power and wealth within European societies, as the profits from the trade flowed to the elites who controlled the trade.
Cultural factors also contributed to the Atlantic slave trade. Europeans of the time viewed Africans as inferior and savage, and they justified the slave trade as a way of bringing civilization and Christianity to Africa. This belief in the superiority of European culture and the inherent inferiority of African cultures provided moral justification for the enslavement of millions of people.
In conclusion, the Atlantic slave trade was a complex and multifaceted phenomenon that was shaped by a range of economic, political, and cultural factors. The demand for labor in the Americas, the economic incentive for European traders and plantation owners, the political competition for colonies, and the belief in European cultural superiority all contributed to the enslavement and forced transportation of millions of African people to the Americas.
The economic basis of the slave trade
How did African Slavery begin? The Spanish and Portuguese had been using enslaved African people since the 16th century. Enslaving Africans fulfilled this need. Perhaps because slavery and slave trading had long existed in much of Africa though perhaps in forms less brutal than the slavery practised in the Americas , Africans were untroubled by selling slaves to Europeans. Transformations in Slavery: a history of slavery in Africa, Cambridge University Press, p. When countries have anarchy, are lawless, have poor societal structure, economic freedoms, or a lack of education slavery thrives. The major Atlantic slave-trading nations, in order of trade volume, were :194 The number purchased by the traders was considerably higher, as the passage had a high death rate with approximately 1.
The outcome of wars in Europe and of battles in the colonies determined who had the greater share of the Atlantic slave trade and under whose jurisdiction the enslaved Africans ended up. No 3, 1969, p. The power of Spain and Portugal declined. It has been estimated that the profits of the slave trade and of Effects World population in millions Year 1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 1999 World 791 978 1,262 1,650 2,521 5,978 Africa 106 107 111 133 221 767 Asia 502 635 809 947 1,402 3,634 Europe 163 203 276 408 547 729 Latin America and the Caribbean 16 24 38 74 167 511 Northern America 2 7 26 82 172 307 Oceania 2 2 2 6 13 30 World population by percentage distribution Year 1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 1999 World 100 100 100 100 100 100 Africa 13. .
What factors influenced the abolition of the trans
When I recovered a little, I found some black people about me, who I believed were some of those who had brought me on board, and had been receiving their pay; they talked to me in order to cheer me, but all in vain. Africans could become slaves as punishment for a crime, as payment for a family debt, or most commonly of all, by being captured as prisoners of war. The Atlantic Slave Trade. They were also later colonised by the Portuguese. Similarly, John Darwin writes "The rapid conversion from white indentured labour to black slavery. Cassare was a pre-European-contact practice used to integrate the "other" from a differing African tribe. It actually grew significantly after the slave trade was ended, because in this country, unlike many others, the slave population reproduced itself just by natural increase.
Factor for the rise of trans atlantic slave trade Free Essays
Anóoshi Lingít Aaní Ká , Russians in Tlingit America: The Battles of Sitka, 1802 and 1804. The Caribbean Historian Eric Williams asserts: 'It was this tremendous dependence on the triangular trade that made Manchester'. The Atlantic slave trade: a census. Why was the Atlantic slave trade so important? Depopulation and a continuing fear of captivity made economic and agricultural development almost impossible throughout much of western Africa. As Elikia M'bokolo wrote in The African continent was bled of its human resources via all possible routes. READ: How long does it take for a body shop to order parts? Historian David Eltis argues that Africans were enslaved because of cultural beliefs in Europe that prohibited the enslavement of cultural insiders, even if there was a source of labour that could be enslaved such as convicts, prisoners of war and vagrants. Royal Navy Versus the Slave Traders: Enforcing Abolition at Sea 1808—1898.
Slightly more than 3% of the enslaved people exported from Africa were traded between 1525 and 1600, and 16% in the 17th century. Slavery The Atlantic slave trade or transatlantic slave trade took place across theAtlantic Ocean from the 16th through to the 19th centuries. Although the slave trade made some chiefs enormously wealthy, it ultimately undermined local economies and political stability as villages' vital labour forces were shipped overseas and slave raids and civil wars became commonplace. African Re-Genesis: Confronting Social Issues in the Diaspora. Each European power restricted trade within their colony to benefit their own merchants. Trade, Slavery and Emancipation 1998 , p.
What factors led to the Atlantic slave trade quizlet?
Hence, the slave trade was abolished, but not the still-economically viable institution of slavery itself, which provided Britain's most lucrative import at the time, sugar. What was the role of slavery in the Atlantic system quizlet? By the 1480s Portuguese ships were already transporting Africans for use as enslaved labourers on the sugar plantations in the Cape Verde and Madeira islands in the eastern Atlantic. The Atlantic slave trade from Africa to the New World might well have been the largest maritime migration in history. The Atlantic Slave Trade from West Central Africa, 1780—1867. The French Atlantic Triangle: Literature and Culture of the Slave Trade. Why did the Atlantic slave trade start? Despite these efforts, abolition legislation and international cooperation did not end the trans-Atlantic slave trade.
Slave Ship Sailors and Their Captive Cargoes, 1730—1807. . Where did the Portuguese transport Africans in the slave trade? This was reflected in the number of enslaved people they traded. Paid labourers were too expensive, and the indigenous people had largely been wiped out by disease and conflict, so the colonisers turned to Africa to provide cheap labour in the form of slaves. The effect of slavery in Africa By providing firearms amongst the trade goods, Europeans increased warfare and political instability in West Africa. Many people were making enormous profits from this new economy: investors based in Europe, local plantation owners as well as slave traders. What struck me first, was, that the houses were built with bricks and stones, and in every other respect different from those I had seen in Africa; but I was still more astonished on seeing people on horseback.
What were some of the factors leading to the Atlantic slave trade?
From 1500 to 1860 it is estimated that around 12 million enslaved Africans were traded to the Americas 3. What was a direct result of the Atlantic slave trade on West Africa? Driven by profits, plantations owners saw enslaved labor as a less expensive way to produce sugar. Retrieved 4 September 2021. On the one hand, it was indeed the Europeans who purchased large numbers of Africans, and sent them far away to work in their colonies. Causes and results of slavery A main cause of the trade was the colonies that European countries were starting to develop. What is the European legacy of the slave trade? By the early 1800s the new captains of industry in England favoured abolition of slavery because they believed it was an inefficient and costly form of labour. Sometimes Britain seized islands from competing European powers.
I asked them if we were not to be eaten by those white men with horrible looks, red faces, and long hair. British Overseas Enterprise to the Close of the Seventeenth century. Ouidah: the social history of a West African slaving 'port', 1727-1892. Specifically, these are the effects of people and groups influencing one another through culture and subculture, social class, reference groups, and family. I did not know what this could mean; and, indeed, I thought these people were full of nothing but magical arts. New World slaves were considered the property of their owners, and slaves convicted of revolt or murder were executed. These included guns, ammunition, alcohol, Labour and slavery The Atlantic slave trade was the result of, among other things, The basic reason for the constant shortage of labour was that, with much cheap land available and many landowners searching for workers, free European immigrants were able to become landowners themselves relatively quickly, thus increasing the need for workers.