Theories of personality development. The Science of Personality Development 2022-12-10

Theories of personality development Rating: 5,6/10 455 reviews

Personality development refers to the psychological process through which individuals develop their unique characteristics and behaviors that define who they are. There are several theories that have been proposed to explain how personality develops, including psychoanalytic, trait, humanistic, and social learning theories.

One of the most well-known theories of personality development is the psychoanalytic theory, which was developed by Sigmund Freud. According to this theory, personality is formed through the interactions between the unconscious mind, the ego, and the super ego. The unconscious mind is made up of repressed desires, thoughts, and memories that are not available to conscious awareness. The ego is the part of the psyche that mediates between the unconscious mind and the outside world, and the super ego is the moral component of the psyche that helps to control the impulses of the ego.

Freud believed that personality development occurs through a series of stages, beginning in infancy and continuing throughout the lifespan. During the oral stage, which occurs in the first year of life, the infant's primary source of pleasure is through sucking and biting. In the anal stage, which occurs between the ages of one and three, the child learns to control their bowel and bladder movements and develops a sense of independence. During the phallic stage, which occurs between the ages of three and six, the child becomes interested in their own genitalia and forms a sexual identity. In the latent stage, which occurs between the ages of six and puberty, the child's sexual and aggressive impulses are repressed, and they begin to develop social relationships. Finally, in the genital stage, which occurs during puberty and beyond, the individual becomes sexually mature and develops a stronger sense of identity.

Another theory of personality development is the trait theory, which suggests that personality is made up of a set of enduring characteristics that are consistent across different situations. According to this theory, people have certain inherent traits that influence their behavior and personality, such as extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience. Trait theorists believe that these traits are relatively stable over time and that they are influenced by both genetics and environmental factors.

The humanistic theory of personality development, developed by Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers, emphasizes the individual's inherent drive towards self-actualization, or the realization of one's full potential. According to this theory, individuals are motivated by a hierarchy of needs, starting with basic physiological needs and moving up to higher levels of self-actualization. This theory emphasizes the importance of personal growth and self-awareness in the development of a healthy personality.

Finally, the social learning theory of personality development suggests that individuals learn and develop their personality through their interactions with others and their environment. According to this theory, people learn new behaviors and personality traits through reinforcement, punishment, and observation. For example, a child who is consistently rewarded for being kind and helpful is more likely to develop a kind and helpful personality, while a child who is consistently punished for aggressive behavior is less likely to exhibit aggressive behaviors in the future.

In conclusion, there are several different theories that have been proposed to explain how personality develops. Each of these theories offers a different perspective on the psychological processes involved in personality development, and they all have their own strengths and limitations. Ultimately, the development of personality is a complex and multifaceted process that is influenced by a variety of factors, including genetics, the environment, and individual experiences.

Theories of Personality

theories of personality development

The interest of the child who starts to identify with his teachers and other adults besides his parents concentrates on acquiring social and intellectual skills. Indeed, they eventually followed their young study members up to the middle years and later life. Take kindness, for example. Nancy Chodorow Personality Theory Nancy Chodorow: She is the founder of gender theory. Women, on the other hand, feel that the absence of close relationships with another person threatens their self-esteem.

Next

Theories of Personality Development: From Past to Today

theories of personality development

The test was originally published in 1940 and then revised in 1989. Divined by horoscopes and studied by scientists. Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement. Theories of Personality Development Id: It is the primitive aspect of personality. Ravi is a Digital Marketing Specialist with over 8 years of industry experience. According to Erikson, the main forces that affect human behavior are not impulses of biological origin.

Next

What are the five theories of personality development?

theories of personality development

Facebook Tweet Pin LinkedIn What is personality? Psychoanalytic Theory Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, developed psychoanalytic theory, which assumes that personality reflects the workings of the unconscious mind, according to Psychology: A Concise Introduction. Even siblings, who develop in identical environments — or seemingly close to it — can become people with polar-opposite personalities. According to Eric Fromm, personality forms due to experience as a result of social influences. Learn the signs, origins, and how to cope when you see it in yourself or others. According to this framework of evolutionary theories, human personality is primarily the result of genes and most useful traits. However, many theories exist.

Next

The Science of Personality Development

theories of personality development

The goal is to identify what makes everyone so similar and so different at the same time. You ask different people and you will get pretty good answers for the question. Among laypeople, theories of personality are fun to consider — but they typically provide little insight into your underlying mental health without the interpretation of a trained, professional psychologist. Source: tr Last Updated on December 10, 2022 by. Alfred Adler claims that people want to be perfect. Psychoanalytic Theory This theory consists of three main ideas that make up personality, the id, the ego, and the superego.

Next

3 Theories of Personality Development and How to Apply Them

theories of personality development

For example, the child is afraid of the caregiver, the caregiver is indifferent and frightening. The individual is a conscious being. Instead, Maslow stressed the importance of understanding the conscious mind and personality in their normal states. Personal interaction with other individuals, society, and nature creates experiences in which self-identification is organized in relation to the social environment. Bowlby argues that if these requirements are not adequately met, pathology may develop in connection with the self-perception of the child.

Next

Personality Theories: 6 Models That Aim to Explain Human Behavior

theories of personality development

The psychologist most associated with narrative identity is Dan McAdams. To answer this question, many prominent theorists developed theories to describe various steps and stages that occur on the road of personality development. Many theorists who followed Freud and whose thinking is often described using the term psychodynamic rather than psychoanalytic refined or branched out from his ideas. We can relate all these theories with the personality traits and have out own conclusions. As research has evolved, so have the theories themselves. Theories Of Personality Here are three leading theories of personality, their implications, and their applications in everyday life.

Next

Theories of Personality Development

theories of personality development

These include qualities such as moodiness, even-temper, impulsivity, pessimism, passivity, and liveliness. Psychoanalytic Freud examines personality from three perspectives with his psychoanalytic theory. . Bandura changed the name of the model from social learning to social cognitive theory in 1986. London, UK: John Murray.


Next

Personality Development

theories of personality development

Social learning theory — Albert Bandura. However, some researchers continue to work in areas informed by psychodynamic ideas—such as those who study attachment orientation and the extent to which it relates to childhood. A dad to a six months old daughter, Ravi also love to spend time with his family. However, Kohut sees the relationship between the infant and the object of the self as the basis of spiritual development. For example, according to him, insecure attachment forms the basis for the development of a neurotic personality.

Next