Medical model of psychopathology. How The Medical Model Of Psychopathology Essay Example 2022-12-09

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The medical model of psychopathology is a framework for understanding and treating mental health conditions that is based on the idea that these conditions are caused by biological or medical factors and can be treated with medical interventions. This model has been the dominant approach to mental health care for much of the past century and has contributed to significant advances in the understanding and treatment of mental health conditions.

According to the medical model, mental health conditions are caused by abnormalities or dysfunctions in the brain or other biological systems. These abnormalities may be caused by genetics, environmental factors, or a combination of both. The medical model posits that these abnormalities result in symptoms such as abnormal thoughts, behaviors, and emotions that are characteristic of mental health conditions.

One of the main strengths of the medical model is its focus on objective, measurable factors that can be used to diagnose and treat mental health conditions. This has led to the development of a wide range of effective treatments, including medications, psychotherapies, and other interventions that can help to alleviate the symptoms of mental health conditions and improve the lives of those affected.

However, the medical model has also been criticized for its narrow focus on biological factors and its neglect of the social and psychological factors that can contribute to mental health conditions. Some argue that this narrow focus may lead to an oversimplification of the complexity of mental health and may neglect the role of social and psychological factors in the development and treatment of mental health conditions.

Despite these criticisms, the medical model of psychopathology has played a significant role in the advancement of our understanding and treatment of mental health conditions. While it is important to consider the complex interplay of biological, social, and psychological factors in mental health, the medical model remains an important framework for understanding and treating mental health conditions.

Medical Model

medical model of psychopathology

Implications: Research and treatment will focus on searching for and altering biological variables. Implications of the medical model and its alternatives. Just like pathology is the study of the nature of disease including causes, development, and outcomes , psychopathology is the study of the same concepts within the realm of mental health or illness. How much weirdness is abnormal? Symptoms of Schizophrenia Positive symptoms: delusions are false personal beliefs that are firmly and consistently held despite disconfirming evidence or logic, for instance: delusions of grandeur or persecution. Cerebral ventricular size and cognitive impairment in schizophrenia. This information is useful in planning treatment and measuring its impact, and in predicting outcome.

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What is the medical model of psychopathology Medical model of Psychopathology

medical model of psychopathology

Linear causality means that a particular cause or more than one cause in combination leads to a specific effect e. Reverberating System: The hierarchically arranged levels can also be seen as part of an overarching system, where activity at one level influences other levels - the activity at one level reverberates to other levels Carpenter, 1987. Mental health concerns are broad categories of invisible suffering. We've examined biology, physiology, genetics, learning, social factors, cognitions, communication, emotions, and so on. Drug Treatment The film one flew over the cuckoos nest demonstrates the way in which drugs are handed out like smarties merely to keep the patients subdued. I feel like you probably know where I'm going with this.

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psychology: Models of Psychopathology

medical model of psychopathology

It is usually chronic with a high relapse rate and recovery from Schizophrenia is rare. Negative symptoms would be to not show emotional expression flat affect , avolition an inability to become goal-orientated or to take action and alogia a lack of meaningful speech. However, there are cons to the medical model that should be considered when applying the model for diagnosing and treating mental illnesses. American Journal of Psychiatry, 132, p. Disorganized thought and speech as a symptom comes through when communicating with the Schizophrenic person. She is suffering from a psychological disorder.

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5 Models of Psychopathology Flashcards

medical model of psychopathology

The latter has clear advantages over the former: a more sophisticated and comprehensive understanding of psychological disorder is possible. Discussion: A Deficit Model? Lamberti 2016 also advocates for mental health collaboration with the criminal justice system so that treatment, not punishment, is the focus. Clinicians develop their diagnoses around four models that help to narrow down the vageries of 'abnormal psychology'. They can be identified, treated, and monitored by observing and identifying physiological signs. Cerebral ventricular size and cognitive impairment in schizophrenia.

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Medical Model of Psychopathology

medical model of psychopathology

Having a huge family is rare, but it's probably protective. That is, biology does not address the "why" questions: why did this disorder occur, what is its meaning, purpose, or function? What makes something 'abnormal'? At that time, mental illness was often viewed from a religious or superstitious point of view. The Role of Posttraumatic Stress as a Pathway to Psychopathology among Youth at High-Risk for Victimization. These kinds of analogies between physical and mental illness form the backbone of the medical model of psychopathology. Support dimension: warm, responsive parenting. Examples include abnormal blood levels, damaged cells, and abnormal gene expression. Electroshock, Its Brain-disabling Effects.

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7.4 Medical Model of Psychopathology and Criminal Behaviour

medical model of psychopathology

Psychopathy is defined by subjective emotional and interpersonal criteria that are not part of ASPD, and because the DSM emphasises observable, objective behavioural criteria, not part of the DSM. APA Style References Aboraya, A. Understanding why women experience greater somatization of psychological symptoms than men, in this matter, could allow for a greater understanding of the gendered manifestation of psychopathologies and perhaps insight into other medical issues gendered or not. Figure 16-1 provides a more detailed list of the various levels. There are, however, limitations to using brain imaging techniques.

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Psychopathology: Definition, Types, and Diagnosis

medical model of psychopathology

Discussion A consideration as to why these Tf-Cbt-Dialectical Therapy Theory The Second Theory is the Psychopathology theory which entails the concept that the individual may suffer from personality disorders, mental illness, and other dysfunctions that may trigger aggressive behavior towards their families. The patient will be given a rating for the level of functioning at the time of the evaluation. Schizoaffective and mood disorders with psychotic features must be ruled out. Also, there may be no benefit to the patient and the effects are irreversible. It disrupts social, occupational and recreational functioning and almost every other aspect of daily functioning. Less common illnesses like mania and psychosis can occasionally result in violence too.

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Medical Model: Definition, Mental Health, Psychology

medical model of psychopathology

Negative feedback indicates that the status quo is being maintained stability. Hippocrates, the 4th century BC Greek physician, rejected the notion of evil spirits and argued instead that mental illness was a disease of the brain relating to imbalances of bodily humors, or chemicals in the body fluids. The other members do not look to their own dysfunctions and issues. Meta-messages and Self-Fulfilling Prophecies Critics of this deficit-model orientation claim that it communicates certain things to people who are diagnosed with psychological disorders and to people in general. Pros and Cons of the Medical Model The medical model has a vital role in psychology as it is a widely accepted school of thought for treating mental illnesses. Disorganized thought and speech as a symptom comes through when communicating with the Schizophrenic person.

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