Juvenile crime in india essay. Punishment to juvenile crime in india Free Essays 2023-01-06
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Juvenile crime, or the involvement of minors in unlawful activities, is a significant problem in India. According to data from the National Crime Records Bureau, the number of juveniles arrested for crimes in India has been increasing over the past decade. In 2019, a total of 41,592 juveniles were arrested for crimes, a nearly 10% increase from the previous year.
There are several factors that contribute to the high rates of juvenile crime in India. One major factor is poverty. Many juveniles who engage in criminal activity come from disadvantaged backgrounds and may turn to crime as a means of survival. Poverty can also lead to a lack of education and vocational training, which can make it difficult for young people to find legitimate employment.
Another factor contributing to juvenile crime in India is the lack of parental supervision and guidance. Many juveniles who engage in criminal activity come from households where there is a lack of parental supervision and guidance, and they may turn to criminal activity as a way of seeking attention or as a result of peer pressure.
The availability of drugs and alcohol is also a major factor contributing to juvenile crime in India. Substance abuse can lead to risky behavior and a lack of judgment, making it more likely for juveniles to engage in criminal activity.
There are several ways in which the government and society can work to address the problem of juvenile crime in India. One approach is to address the root causes of poverty and provide young people with better access to education and vocational training. This can help to provide juveniles with more legitimate opportunities and can help to reduce the temptation to engage in criminal activity.
Additionally, efforts should be made to increase parental supervision and guidance, as well as to provide young people with positive role models and mentors. This can help to provide juveniles with the support and guidance they need to make positive choices and to stay away from criminal activity.
Finally, efforts should be made to reduce the availability of drugs and alcohol, as well as to increase awareness of the dangers of substance abuse. This can help to reduce the temptation for juveniles to engage in risky behavior and can help to reduce the overall rates of juvenile crime in India.
Overall, juvenile crime is a significant problem in India that requires a multifaceted approach to address. By addressing the root causes of poverty, increasing parental supervision and guidance, and reducing the availability of drugs and alcohol, we can work to reduce the rates of juvenile crime and create a safer and more prosperous society for all.
The flaw that is presented is that there is a serious and continuing risk of executing innocent people. That is, delinquent acts committed by children under a specified age are classified as child crimes. In an incident an elder brother pierced needle in to the eye of the younger brother repeatedly and made him blind for the rest of his life. These three types of delinquency are listed in the documents of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention OJJDP. Thus, it can be seen that there are strong views in both far and opposition of the change or amendment in Juvenile Justice Act. The rich-poor divide is considered to be instrumental in promoting youth crime.
It is found in many cases when a working mother goes to office she leaves her child with the neighbour next door who takes care of the child just like his own mother. A longitudinal research recently conducted by Pope and Bierman 1999 examined the behaviour of boys in grades three to six and then again the same children were studied four years later, i. Also in the homes in which the father or the mother has illicit sex relations outside marriage affect the character of the child. Then Elizabeth Fry established a separate institution for juvenile offenders. Peer group also plays a very important role.
Various community organisations and child care centres should be introduced for lower socio-economic class children who do not get the opportunity for all round development of personality. Thus both age and antisocial behaviours prohibited in the statutes are important in the concept of juvenile delinquency. Studies have shown that the groups outside the home have a tremendous impact on the personality of the child and adolescent. The idea is gradually gaining wider acceptance that juvenile delinquent needs the sympathy and understanding of our society and not the heavy hand of the law. They should be advised and guided in a friendly manner to go in the right path, the path which law and society confirm. The juvenile delinquent is not subject to the jurisdiction of normal courts of criminal procedure.
Data shows that out of the 1362 crimes committed in 23 metropolitan cities in India about 74. There are three major categories of juvenile delinquency: a violent crimes which result in bodily injury, such as assault, rape, murder; b property crimes are committed when a juvenile uses force or threat of force to obtain the property of others c Drug-related crimes involve the possession or sale of illegal narcotics. The Supreme Court of India had observed that fundamental rights have precedence over any other right protected by any other law. About 80 percent of adolescents and pre- adolescents have engaged inappropriate behavior. In this incident, one of the primary accused was a juvenile who received just three years imprisonment in a detention facility, while the adult criminals were sentenced to death.
This explains the fact that the problem of antisocial behaviour lies in the disturbed family environment. Low Educational Background: It is a major cause of delinquency. According to the NCRB statistics, India is in the midst of a general wave of crimes by minors. A broken family fails to provide love, affection, security, parental care and control to the child. In Individual Delinquency : Individual delinquency refers to the involvement of only one individual in the delinquent act and its cause is located within the individual delinquent. In the modern age, in the absence of enough play grounds, television has become the most important agent of recreation.
It is this which provides love and sense of security, through all the varying social relationships that arise as the child grows. Family Therapy : How disturbed family environment leads to a lot of personality problems and maladjustments in juveniles. They were said to be an organised gang. Thus juvenile delinquency includes those activities which are misconducts, wrong as well as illegal, which are despised by the social norms. Discipline does not mean suppression of spontaneity and freedom of expression.
Legislative authorities adopted this principles different Acts. The difference between a delinquent child and an adult criminal can be found by the conduct involved, the methods employed by the court, the approach and methods applied in treatment etc. Style of Writing E. Personality traits like submissiveness, defiance, hostility, impulsiveness, feeling of insecurity and inferiority, lack of self-control, fear, emotional conflict and emotional instability are important determinants of delinquency. Thus delinquency is a reaction to unhappy and frustrated childhood. Many people are not yet aware how JJS works.
They should behave like warm, understanding and loving parents and help the children to have sense of security and involvement. All these actions of the parents reduced the aggressive behaviour and the child was saved from becoming a delinquent. In 2012, police in India charged 27,936 juveniles for alleged involvement in crimes including murder, rape and rioting, according to NCRB. The inadequacies of correctional system, ineffective rehabilitation programmes and the mismanagement in Remand Homes, all taken together make the purpose a total failure. It gets tough for the police to deal with juvenile offenders because the law possesses a lot of restrictions. Children of backward classes who do not get the, opportunity of stimulating environmental facilities should be provided with recreational facilities and facilities for the development of their innate potentialities and merits.
In 1994 the ratio between boys and girls was 4. Many experts feel that the current law is insufficient to cope with the problem and that it has to be changed so that minors can be prosecuted and sentenced as adults for severe crimes. For example, one might imagine that due to the immaturity of adolescent offenders, a juvenile justice model implying reduced culpability for youth actually might be used when adolescents are prosecuted in the criminal jurisdiction. Subsequently, the Reformatory Schools Act, 1897 provided that children up to the age of 15 years sentenced to imprisonment may be sent to reformatory cell. Because of want of suitable educational qualification and motivation they do not qualify for any job. Also, any 16-18 years old, who commits a lesser i.