How to read and critique a scientific research article. How to Review and Critically Evaluate a Scientific Research Article 2022-12-13

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Reading and critiquing a scientific research article can be a daunting task, especially for those who are not familiar with the scientific method or the specific subject matter of the article. However, with a little guidance and practice, anyone can learn how to effectively read and critique a scientific research article.

First and foremost, it is important to understand the purpose of a scientific research article. Scientific research articles are published in academic journals and are meant to report the results of original research that has been conducted by the authors. These articles are meant to be objective and unbiased, and are written in a specific format that allows other researchers to replicate the study and verify the results.

Before diving into the actual content of the article, it is important to first familiarize yourself with the structure of a scientific research article. Most scientific research articles follow a similar structure, which typically includes an introduction, methods, results, discussion, and conclusion section. The introduction section provides background information on the topic being studied and sets the stage for the rest of the article. The methods section describes the research design and the procedures used to collect and analyze data. The results section presents the findings of the study, often including tables and figures to illustrate the data. The discussion section interprets the results and places them in the context of previous research on the topic. Finally, the conclusion section summarizes the main findings of the study and discusses the implications of the results.

Once you have a general understanding of the structure of the article, it is important to carefully read and evaluate the content. Here are some key questions to consider as you read and critique a scientific research article:

In addition to these questions, it is also important to consider the overall quality of the research and the credibility of the authors. Is the research well-designed and thorough? Are the authors qualified to conduct this research and do they have a good track record of publishing in their field?

Overall, reading and critiquing a scientific research article requires careful attention to detail and a critical eye. By following these guidelines and asking the right questions, you can develop the skills needed to effectively read and critique scientific research articles and contribute to the advancement of knowledge in your field of study.

How to Read and Critique a Scientific Research Article

how to read and critique a scientific research article

In essence, the current state of the knowledge in the field is set out for the readers so they would appreciate it better when the authors try to explain how their research work will contribute new information to the field. Overall, by helping undergraduate students to overcome their anxieties in reading scientific literature, the book will enable the students to appreciate better the process of scientific investigations and how knowledge is derived in science. The evidence derived from a study is only as good as the care with which the researchers ask their questions, select and implement their research methods, and analyze and interpret their data. This information will be found in the Discussion section of the article. The takeaway: Go beyond the single study. Although true experimental design typically produces more reliable results than quasi-experimental design, both approaches enable us to determine cause and effect. As more students learn to read, including those from disadvantaged backgrounds, we hope that the tendency within education to embrace instructional fads will give way to more effective practices based on solid, scientific research.

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How to read a paper, critical review

how to read and critique a scientific research article

For each scientific paper you read, consider how it lines up with the rest of the research on a given topic. Written as a quick guide for undergraduate students and faculty members dealing with scientific research articles as part of a module or research project, this book will be useful, especially in Asia, for students and faculty members as the universities look to incorporating the use of scientific research articles in their undergraduate teaching. In addition, students also read research articles as part of undertaking laboratory research projects useful for preparing them for graduate school. The takeaway: Ask the right questions. Does each individual study make sense? Following this recipe, especially with the assistance of a qualified mentor, you will enhance your ability to be a good consumer of research. Summary This is a great formula for learning to systematically review a research paper. This method has solved many of the world's thorniest medical mysteries—mysteries just as complex as learning to read.

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How to read and critique a scientific research article : notes to guide students reading primary literature (with teaching tips for faculty members) in SearchWorks catalog

how to read and critique a scientific research article

Usually, the scientists are looking for a specific factor that might affect a given outcome. This is another topic which we will cover later in more detail since there are many different types of biases which may only be relevant to certain types of studies. I am taking a look forward for your next post, I will try to get the hold of it! So this section provides all the details on how you could replicate a study. Has the program or approach been proven scientifically to work with students like mine? Results Read this section to find out if the intervention made things better, worse, or… the same. Why the Unskilled Are Unaware: Further Explorations of Absent Self-Insight Among the Incompetent. In addition, teachers and administrators may want to consult recent publications that have summarized reading research findings along with practical teaching recommendations based on the findings.

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How to read a scientific study, according to science experts

how to read and critique a scientific research article

This should relate to specific criteria, in the case of a research article. High qualities help in critiquing arguments of the research paper is given to the students and that is to all the time. Reading the headline of each paragraph can give you a good overview of what happened. So do not show a casual approach a write high-quality research paper on the deadline assigned to you. The type of research question asked tells us which research method or combination of methods to employ. What inclusion and exclusion criteria are used? It is good to learn more about which search engines or databases are used routinely for finding and retrieving articles of interest… So what is the fundamental difference between publishing a scientific article in academic journals and publicising data on one's own webpage or in a self-published book? For example… Journals tend to publish novel findings.


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[PDF] How To Read And Critique A Scientific Research Article: Notes To Guide Students Reading Primary Literature (With Teaching Tips For Faculty Members) Full PDF Online

how to read and critique a scientific research article

In other instances, journals might have adopted the Open Access format, while yet other journals make articles freely accessible a year after the initial date of publishing an article. The following is an edited , comprehensive checklist featured in an AARC article on facilitating research, by Dean Hess. Register a free business account Paperback: 116 pages Publisher: Wspc January 16, 2014 Language: English ISBN-10: 9814579165 ISBN-13: 978-9814579162 Product Dimensions: 6 x 0. The central objective of publishing scientific research articles is to disseminate findings from experimental work so as to extend the knowledge in the field. You could assess the article by individual sections, and for each section, assess its strengths and weaknesses In relation to critiquing an article, it should be noted that for any point in the article that you consider a weakness, it is good to suggest ways to overcome the weakness, or propose alternatives to what the authors have stated. It is not unusual for papers to be successful or unsuccessful based on the content of this section alone.

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‎How to Read and Critique a Scientific Research Article on Apple Books

how to read and critique a scientific research article

Not all research is created equal. Overall, by helping undergraduate students to overcome their anxieties in reading scientific literature, the book will enable the students to appreciate better the process of scientific investigations and how knowledge is derived in science. Was it a long-term study that followed a group of people for years, or a single one-hour test of exercise capacity using a new supplement? For example, if ABC Drug Company is sponsoring a huge drug trial for a potentially profitable drug, there will be a conflict of interest. Washington DC : National Academies Press US. Move on to the later parts of the study only if you find the main question interesting and valuable. Scientists can also use these studies to generate hypotheses to test in experimental studies. Also, context really matters.

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The Science of Reading Research

how to read and critique a scientific research article

Lonigan 2003 found that low-income preschool children were significantly less adept at identifying and manipulating the sound structure of language—a skill known as phonological sensitivity—than were middle- and high-income children. You will bring some biases to the table when you read and interpret a study. Methods Section This is where we really have to put on the thinking hats. For example, pigs are much better models for research on cardiovascular disease and diets compared to mice, because of the size of their coronary arteries and their omnivorous diets. What are their credentials? Pooling together studies increases the statistical power, offering a stronger conclusion than any single study. This is where statistics and p-values come in.

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How to Critique a Research Paper

how to read and critique a scientific research article

Numbers over that threshold are not. Journal Why are you looking at this journal? It is what the critique personally feels about the research paper. Well, it would be pretty silly to disregard the past 25 years of studies on creatine supplementation just because of one study. Overall, by helping undergraduate students to overcome their anxieties in reading scientific literature, the book will enable the students to appreciate better the process of scientific investigations and how knowledge is derived in science. If it is your first attempt at reading a scientific research article, you might want to break the reading into several steps and go through the article systematically.

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How to Critique a Journal Article

how to read and critique a scientific research article

III What were the key techniques used in the experiments described? In addition, students also read research articles as part of undertaking laboratory research projects useful for preparing them for graduate school. The concept of statistical significance comes in during the analysis phase of a study. Generally, there are two distinct approaches that research can be conducted. Each journal article is published to transmit a specific idea that gives it a purpose. For students keen to find out more than what is given in the Introduction section, there are the cited references that can provide further background information for the reader. This guidebook provides a structured approach to reading a research article, guiding the reader step-by-step through each section, with tips on how to look out for key points and how to evaluate each section.

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[PDF] How to Read and Critique a Scientific Research Article by Foong May Yeong eBook

how to read and critique a scientific research article

Discussion This is an interpretation of what the results might mean. Women may differ from men; older subjects may differ from younger ones; groups may differ by ethnicity, medical conditions may affect the results, and so on. Explain it and tell the difference it could have caused. Qualitative studies focus on the more intangible elements of what was found, such as what people thought, said, or experienced. In academic research, statistical significance, or the likelihood that the study results were generated by chance, is measured by a p-value that can range from 0 to 1 0 percent chance to 100 percent chance. Give your personal critical analysis at the end When all the above tasks are completed by the students the final step is to give an overall personal criticism on the research paper.

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