Gothic architecture is a style of architecture that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages. It is characterized by the use of pointed arches, ribbed vaults, and flying buttresses, as well as by elaborate ornamentation and intricate stone carving. Gothic architecture emerged in the 12th century and became the dominant architectural style in Europe until the 16th century.
One of the key features of Gothic architecture is the pointed arch. This type of arch is characterized by its sharp, pointed shape, which allows it to support greater weight than a rounded arch. Pointed arches were used extensively in Gothic architecture, and were used to create doorways, windows, and other openings in buildings.
Ribbed vaults are another key feature of Gothic architecture. These vaults are made up of a series of arched ribs that support the weight of the ceiling. Ribbed vaults were often used in Gothic churches and cathedrals, and allowed for the creation of large, open interior spaces.
Flying buttresses are another characteristic feature of Gothic architecture. These are external supports that are used to help bear the weight of the building. Flying buttresses are typically found on the exterior of Gothic buildings, and are composed of arches that extend from the ground to the top of the building.
Gothic architecture is also known for its elaborate ornamentation and intricate stone carving. This includes the use of decorative elements such as gargoyles, which were used to decorate the exterior of buildings. Gothic buildings were also often adorned with intricate stone carvings, including figures of saints and other religious figures, as well as geometric patterns and other decorative elements.
In summary, Gothic architecture is a style of architecture that is characterized by the use of pointed arches, ribbed vaults, and flying buttresses, as well as by elaborate ornamentation and intricate stone carving. It was a dominant architectural style in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages, and is known for its grand and impressive buildings, such as churches and cathedrals.
Gothic Architecture History, Characteristics and Examples
It frequently covered the façades, and the interior walls of the nave and choir were covered with blind arcades. Shutter Dogs: The metal attachments which hold shutters in an open position against the face of a building. Jigsaw Carving: Wooden ornament cut with a thin narrow saw blade. It allowed them to reach up to the heavens — perfect for cathedrals and churches. The drapery was very skilfully carved. Chapel of the Palace.
Parapet A parapet is a low boundary along the edge of a roof that acts as a railing for people that might fall over the edge. Pinnacles are no Use, and as little Ornament. Retrieved 8 October 2013. It is recognized as a UNESCO Heritage Site since 1991, and it inspired the high gothic style which appeared in the Holy Roman Empire rebuild. Glazing Bar: See mullion. Belfry The belfry is where the bell can be found in a bell tower—also where Quasimodo lived in The Hunchback of Notre Dame.
The most notable example of this International Gothic style was the Les Tres Riches Heures du Duc de Berry 1412-1416 by the Limbourg brothers. The Holy War gave the Christians, who had been there, an Idea of the Saracen Works, which were afterwards by them imitated in the West; and they refined upon it every day, as they proceeded in building Churches. The glass on the doors are typically divided into smaller panels. The arc-en-accolade, where the pointed arch over a doorway was topped by a pointed sculptural ornament called a chou-frisés". A cultural center may include building programs like classrooms, event spaces, and a cafeteria. Has 2 transepts and a squared off apse- typically British. Lintel: A horizontal structural element over an opening which carries the weight of the wall above it.
In High Gothic, the whole surface of the clerestory was given over to windows. Tracery: An ornamental configuration of curved mullions in a Gothic sash. The interior is characterized by strong horizontality, with little or no attempt at rhythmic accents. One could go further to suggest Late Gothic Architecture serves as a symbol of the resilience of life and of culture. Storefront Opening: The area of the facade framed by the piers and lintel, which contains storefront infill Story: A habitable floor level, including a basement but not including a cellar.
Gothic Legacies: Four Centuries of Tradition and Innovation in Art and Architecture. The architects' used the flying buttresses to support the building's structure by transferring the force to the ground. The Basilica of Saint-Denis Considered one of the first Gothic-style buildings, and it officially became a cathedral in 1966. . Chapter House contains one of four copies of the Magna Carta. A core can also refer to a service core that is vertically continuous throughout the building. Entablature: A major horizontal member carried by a column s or pilaster s ; it consists of an architrave, a frieze, and a cornice.
Though the trend was present in architecture, it can be found in many other art forms of the time as well. Unlike other movements like modernism, the 21st century does not have one particular style that is consistent with most new projects. In Germany, with the completion of Cologne Cathedral in the 1880s, at the time its summit was the world's tallest building, the cathedral was seen as the height of Gothic architecture. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. The lowest part of a classical entablature. Viollet-le-Duc: The French Gothic Revival.
100 Architecture Terms That Will Help You Describe Buildings Better
The term "Gothic" was first used as a Lives he attributed various architectural features to the La Gloire: ". Seville Cathedral Seville Cathedral, Seville, Spain. In contrast, stained windows, standard in The Basilica Church, founded as Abbey of Saint-Denis, was regarded as the first gothic building, and it marks the evolution styles out of Romanesque. Y-tracery was often employed in two-light windows c. The facade may function to hide flying buttresses from the main view of the building. Panel: A portion of a flat surface recessed, or raised from the surrounding area, distinctly set off by molding or some other decorative device. Pugin: Master of Gothic Revival.
In later construction, the design was simplified, and the rib vaults had only four compartments. Minaret A minaret is a traditional tower in or near a mosque. Architectural elements such as pointed arches, steep-sloping roofs and fancy carvings like lace and lattice work were applied to a wide range of Gothic Revival objects. Gothic Revival also referred to as Victorian Gothic, neo-Gothic, or Gothick is an The Gothic Revival movement's roots are intertwined with philosophical movements associated with In parallel with the ascendancy of neo-Gothic styles in 19th-century England, interest spread to the rest of Europe, Australia, Africa and the Americas; the 19th and early 20th centuries saw the construction of very large numbers of Gothic Revival structures worldwide. Classic Gothic Style and Gothic Architecture, Examples a. Some examples of Gothic Revivals influence can be found in heraldic motifs in coats of arms, painted furniture with elaborate painted scenes like the whimsical Gothic detailing in English furniture is traceable as far back as Director 1754, 1762 , where, for example, the three-part bookcase employs Gothic details with Rococo profusion, on a symmetrical form. Other common details include the swinging directions of doors, entry, vertical circulation, wall thicknesses that designate material, window cut outs, and furniture.