Forgery is a criminal offense defined under Section 465 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC). It involves the making of false documents or altering genuine documents with the intent to deceive or defraud others. The IPC defines forgery as a criminal offense that carries a punishment of imprisonment for up to two years or a fine, or both.
The IPC defines forgery as the act of making or altering a document or electronic record with the intent to deceive or defraud. It includes making a false document, altering a genuine document, or using a forged document as if it were genuine. The intention behind the act of forgery is what determines the severity of the offense. For example, if a person forges a document with the intent to cheat or deceive another person, it would be considered a more serious offense than if the forgery was done for a lesser reason.
There are several types of forgery covered under the IPC, including counterfeiting money or stamps, altering public records, and making false documents for financial gain. Forgery can also involve the use of forged documents in legal proceedings or in official transactions, such as the submission of false documents to obtain a visa or passport.
The punishment for forgery under the IPC depends on the nature and severity of the offense. For simple forgery, the punishment may be imprisonment for up to two years or a fine, or both. For more serious offenses, such as counterfeiting money or stamps, the punishment may be imprisonment for up to seven years or a fine, or both.
Forgery is a serious crime that can have significant consequences for the person committing the offense as well as for the victim. It is important to ensure that documents and records are genuine and not forged in order to prevent fraud and deception. If you suspect that someone has committed forgery, it is important to report the offense to the authorities in order to protect yourself and others from being deceived or defrauded.
Indian Penal Code (IPC) Section 465. Punishment for forgery.
According to section 465 of Indian penal code, Whoever commits forgery shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine or with both. The extent of copying by a person depends on the skills of the forger and the victim. Conclusion Frauds have become common today as many crimes related to documents are registered for personal gains. This kind of fraud may sometime allow the Questioned document examiner to determine the identity of the forger based on the characteristics of that handwriting. A has committed forgery.
What is the punishment for forgery? Forged currency is common and it is termed as counterfeiting and the intent of committing such crime is to defraud another person. Indian Penal Code IPC S. Not compoundable Triable by whom? Here, as A made a false document in order to induce Z to part with property, A has committed forgery. The law punishes a man not for guilty intention, but for the overt act done. Therefore, execution of such document, purporting to convey some property of which he is not the owner, is not execution of a false document as defined under Section 464 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860. In cases when no original is present for comparison, document examiners and courts must take extreme steps and evaluate the veracity of documents to give their judgements. B fraudulently fills up the cheque by inserting the sum of twenty thousand rupees.
Optical transfer forgery A kind of fraud in which a forger transfers the signature of a person from one document to another document using a photocopier, scanner, photography, editing, etc. Many real-life examples can be seen in several institutions and document examiner can capture such frauds by examining and comparing the forged paper with the original writing of that person. A has committed forgery inasmuch as he intended to deceive Z by the forged certificate, and thereby to induce Z to enter into an express or implied contract for service. According to section 466 of Indian penal code, Whoever forges a document, purporting to be a record or proceeding of or in a Court of Justice, or a register of birth, baptism, marriage or burial, or a register kept by a public servant as such, or a certificate or document purporting to be made by a public servant in his official capacity, or an authority to institute or defend a suit, or to take any proceedings therein, or to confess judgment, or a power of attorney, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine. Section 464 of Indian Penal Code. More details about this Section Cognizable or not? Section 465 of Indian penal Code Punishment for forgery Whoever commits forgery shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both. This website is meant only for providing free legal information to its visitors, without any warranty.
A has committed forgery under the first head of the definition. Classification of offences relating to these sections are: CHAPTER XVIII - OFFENCES RELATING TO DOCUMENTS AND TO PROPERTY MARKS IPC Section Offence Punishment Cognizable or non-cognizable Bailable or non-bailable By what court triable 465 IPC Forgery Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both Non-cognizable Bailable Magistrate of the first class 466 IPC Forgery of a record of a Court of Justice or of a Registrar of Births, etc. Magistrate of the first class Disclaimer: While due care has been taken to provide the latest and correct information, please consult the official sources to get the most authentic and updated version. Ashok Dhamija, Advocate, Supreme Court, New Delhi. It's a NON-COMPOUNDABLE OFFENCE. The offence committed under section 420 is a COGNIZABLE as well as NON-BAILABLE offence. X afterwards, in order to defraud P of his estate, executes a conveyance of the same estate to Q, dated 6 months earlier than the date of the conveyance to P, intending it to be believed that he had conveyed the estate to Q before he conveyed it to P.
Both these possibilities fall outside the purview of the offence of forgery. Section 465 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 provides punishment for the commission of the offence of forgery. Section 465, IPC 1860 :- Section 465 of Indian Penal Code IPC , deals with Punishment for Forgery. A has committed forgery. The offences included are Forgery, Forged Documents, counterfeit currency and their possession. As per your query, I've laid down the descripttion of all these offences down below, do have a look. According to section 468 of Indian penal code, whoever commits forgery, intending that the document forged shall be used for the purpose of cheating, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall According to section 469 of Indian penal code, whoever commits forgery, intending that the document forged shall harm the reputation of any party, or knowing that it is likely to be used for that purpose, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years, and shall also be liable to fine.
Similarly, procuring of poison, in itself, will not constitute offence of attempt to commit murder, though the objective might have been to administer poison to a specific person. This is a common fraud used in an examination where a person goes to write the exam in place of someone else for personal benefits. What are the offences relating to documents and property marks? For constituting an offence under Section 464 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860, it is imperative that a false document is made and the accused person is the maker of the same, otherwise the accused person is not liable for the offence of forgery. What is making a false document? For example: X sells and conveys an estate to P. This section states —"Whoever commits forgery shall be punished with imprisonment of either descripttion for a term which may extend to TWO YEARS, Or with FINE, Or with BOTH".
Forging of documents has also been further described in other Types of Forgery With the increasing crimes related to documents, criminals come up with new ideas to commit crimes. B dishonestly erases the words "Pay to Z or his order", and thereby converts the special endorsement into a blank endorsement. A is guilty of forgery; and if B, knowing the fact, draws the bill upon the paper pursuant to A's intention, B is also guilty of forgery. In other words, the falsity consists in the document, or part of a document, being signed or sealed with the name or seal of a person who did not, in fact, sign or seal it. LJ 1890 SC Badan Sing 1922 3 Lah. The first is that he bona fide believes that the property actually belongs to him.
A has committed forgery. Making of a document is different than causing it to be made. Carbon tracing is a common method of copying using a carbon paper between an original document and the plain paper. Rex Air 1949 All 353 G. A has committed forgery.