Edmund spenser biography. Edmund Spenser: A Biography of the Poet's Poet 2022-12-09
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Edmund Spenser was a prominent English poet, best known for his epic poem "The Faerie Queene." He was born in East Smithfield, London, around 1552, and was the son of John Spenser, a cloth maker and merchant. Little is known about Spenser's early life and education, but it is believed that he attended the Merchant Taylors' School in London and later studied at Pembroke College, Cambridge.
After completing his studies at Cambridge, Spenser began his career as a poet and writer. He published his first major work, a collection of sonnets called "The Shepheardes Calender," in 1579. This work established Spenser as a leading voice in the Elizabethan literary scene and gained him the favor of Queen Elizabeth I.
In 1580, Spenser was appointed as the secretary to the lord deputy of Ireland, a position that allowed him to travel to the country and gain firsthand experience of the political and social tensions there. It was during this time that Spenser began work on his most famous work, "The Faerie Queene."
"The Faerie Queene" is an epic poem that tells the story of a knight, named Redcrosse, on a quest to defeat a dragon and win the love of a princess. The poem is divided into six books, each of which focuses on a different virtue, such as holiness, temperance, and chastity. The work was highly influential in its time and is still widely studied and admired today for its complex themes and rich language.
In addition to "The Faerie Queene," Spenser also wrote a number of other works, including "The Complaints," a collection of poems that deal with themes of love and loss, and "A View of the Present State of Ireland," a political treatise that argued for English colonization of the country.
Spenser died in London in 1599, at the age of 47. Despite his relatively short career, he is remembered as one of the greatest English poets of the Elizabethan era and is still widely studied and admired today.
Edmund Spenser : Biography and Literary Works
But if you like the site, anything you can contribute makes a huge difference. He's also known for his cycle of love sonnets, including 'Epithalamion'. He would use this rhyme scheme in both his Spenserian sonnets and his Spenserian stanzas used in The Faerie Queene. While he was related to a noble family that raised sheep, his immediate family did not have much. He was also the author of The Faerie Queene William Ponsonby, 1596 , a major English epic, and Amoretti and Epithalamion William Ponsonby, 1595 , a sonnet sequence dedicated to his second wife, Elizabeth Boyle.
The boys of the school may also have received a few years of training in Greek and Hebrew, slightly unusual for the time. His first important publication, The Shepheardes Calender 1579 , can be called the first work of the English literary Renaissance. Camden recorded that the Earl of Essex paid for his funeral, and that poets carried his coffin, throwing their verses and pens, along with many tears, into his grave. In June 1588 he inherited, again from Lodowick Bryskett, the post of Clerk of the Council of Munster, by which time he certainly appears to have been resident near Cork, where the Council met. His first wife was Machabyas Childe, whom he married around 1579, roughly around the same time that he published The Shepheardes Calender. Later in 1598, he arrived in London, presenting his situation to the Queen, but it was soon after this that he fell ill, and he would eventually die in London on January 16, 1599.
They had two children: Sylvanus and Katherine. Little is known for certain about his life before he entered the University of Cambridge. It was probably during this stay that he began work on A vewe of the present state of Irelande, a treatise on the social and political reformation of Ireland. It has not always been understood that beneath a surface of lavish praise for Elizabeth, Spenser's poem in fact engages in a searching critique and questioning of his ostensible idol, on two main counts: the corruption and conspicuous consumption of her princely court, and what he perceived as the cynical quality of her policies and actions towards Ireland, and those of her principal advisers. What is the Spenserian rhyme scheme? In short, he was moving up in the world.
Edmund Spenser: Biography & Sonnets (TV Short 2013)
Sent to Ireland to hold English property on the oft-rebellious island, Spenser there met and wooed Elizabeth Boyle, a young woman from an important English family, who was probably half his age. Spenser published his first volume of poetry, The Shepheardes Calender Hugh Singleton , in 1579, dedicating it to the poet Sir Philip Sidney. And it was in 1579 that he published his first major work: The Shepheardes Calender. He left behind him masterful essays in every genre of poetry, from pastoral and elegy to epithalamion and epic. He offered Elizabeth The Faerie Queene in an attempt to gain her favor. In fact, after Lord Grey was recalled back to England, Spenser stayed on in Ireland for some years.
His tenure of this post, which itself might well have led to further elevation, was destined to be short. Ralegh's patronage now helped him to achieve much-desired recognition for his poetry at court. In 1598 when the rebellion of Edmund Greenlaw and others ed. From 1581 he was clerk of faculties in the Irish court of chancery, and from 1583 clerk to the council of Munster and commissioner for musters in Co. . Beginning in May 1569, Spenser attended Cambridge University at Pembroke Hall, now known as Pembroke College.
Edmund Spenser was one of the great poets of the English Renaissance. Later Life and Death of Edmund Spenser Spenser would publish three more books of The Faerie Queene in 1596, and he returned Ireland to continue writing in 1597. At the school he would learn Latin, Hebrew, Greek, and the musical arts. Boyle would eventually outlive Edmund Spenser, and remarried twice after. Spenser would also employ a different form and rhyme for each of the months. Spenser seems to have had at least one sister, Sarah, and a number of brothers. Whatever his parentage, it is likely that the Spensers or Spencers originated in Lancashire, where they would have been connected with prominent local families such as the Nowells and Towneleys.
It was at this time that the well-known printer Henry Bynneman put out two short volumes containing letters exchanged between Spenser and Harvey, letters that discuss trendy intellectual topics of the day and give a good deal of biographical information about Spenser's new contacts in London. In 1569, as a teenager, Edmund Spenser translated some French poems, written by Joachim du Bellay, into English. Although his prose treatise on the reformation of Ireland was not published until 1633, it showed even then a shrewd comprehension of the problems facing English government in Ireland, and a capacity for political office as thorough as his literary ability. After taking his B. In 1598, during the Nine Years War, Spenser was driven from his home in Ireland. Since then, he has been revered by authors such as John Milton, William Blake, William Wordsworth, John Keats, Lord Byron, Percy Shelley, and Alfred Lord Tennyson. These included translations from Petrarch and du Bellay and a version of the Theatre for worldlings, a Dutch anti-catholic polemic both 1569 and his first well-known work, The shepheards calender 1579 , a satire in pastoral mode on the corruption of the English clergy.
For all the rest, how ever fair it be, Shall turn to naught and lose that glorious hue: But only that is permanent and free From frail corruption, that doth flesh ensue. Spenser's own radical protestantism, which engaged him with Grey, helped to fuel the disillusionment and anger of the colonial official far from the metropolis and seeing the Irish enterprise forever starved of funds and resources and engaged on many fronts with a recalcitrant, shifty, and continually rebellious local population. . The emphasis on bodily joy as a stepping-stone to spiritual grace distinguishes his love-poetry among that of his contemporaries. Side note: one of the characters in The Shepheardes Calender , Colin Clout, would go on to make an appearance in The Faerie Queene. It was there that the poet probably composed The Shepheardes Calender, which seems to represent the Kentish landscape and certainly refers to Harvey as Hobbinol , Young as Roffy , Archbishop of Canterbury Grindal as Algrind , and Spenser himself as Colin Clout ; The Shepheardes Calender was printed in 1579.