Causes of the french revolution. Causes of French Revolution: Political, Social and Economic Causes 2022-12-08
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The French Revolution was a major event in European history that took place between 1789 and 1799. It was a time of great political, social, and economic upheaval, and it had a profound impact on France and the world. There were many causes of the French Revolution, and they can be grouped into three main categories: social, economic, and political.
One of the main social causes of the French Revolution was the vast inequality that existed between the different classes in France. The country was divided into three main social classes: the nobility, the clergy, and the common people. The nobility and the clergy were extremely wealthy, while the common people were poor and had very few rights. This inequality was made worse by the fact that the nobility and the clergy were exempt from most taxes, while the common people were heavily taxed. This led to a great deal of resentment among the common people, who were fed up with being treated unfairly.
Another social cause of the French Revolution was the lack of education among the common people. In the late 18th century, education in France was largely reserved for the wealthy, and the majority of the population was illiterate. This meant that the common people had very little knowledge about their rights and about how the government worked, which made it easier for the ruling classes to control them.
The economic causes of the French Revolution were also significant. France was in a state of financial crisis at the time, and the government was deeply in debt. The country had been heavily involved in wars with other European powers, and the cost of these wars had drained the national treasury. In addition, the French monarchy and the wealthy nobility were known for their lavish lifestyles, which further drained the country's resources. As a result, the government imposed high taxes on the common people, who were already struggling to make ends meet. This led to widespread poverty and discontent among the population.
The political causes of the French Revolution were also important. France was ruled by an absolute monarchy, and the king, Louis XVI, had complete control over the country. The French monarchy was known for its corruption and extravagance, and many people felt that the king was out of touch with the needs of the common people. In addition, the French government was inefficient and ineffective, and it was unable to solve the many problems facing the country.
In conclusion, the French Revolution was caused by a combination of social, economic, and political factors. The vast inequality between the different social classes, the lack of education among the common people, the financial crisis facing the country, and the inefficient and corrupt nature of the government all contributed to the discontent that led to the revolution.
It was represented by the bourgeoisie, merchants, bankers, medical professionals, among others, and by free peasants, small owners, tenants, and day laborers. This region witnessed some of the most intense, disruptive, and violent popular politics in this period and beyond. They gathered in the indoor tennis court where they pledged that they will not leave until they reformed the constitution. Moreover, they aspired to attain political equality with the other two estates. The directory council consisted of five members responsible for governance and execution.
The immediate cause of the French Revolution was the financial crisis that hit the country in 1788-1789. He was well-acquainted with the French economy. See also 10 Significance of The Battle of Waterloo Hence, they wanted to abolish vote by status and rather wanted a fair voting system- voting by the head. He was in this manner not liable to his subjects. The Nobility was also sub divided into two groups-the Court nobles and the provincial nobles. The Nobility and Clergy owed about 25% and 10% of the land of the country, respectively. They were under the consultation of Thomas Jefferson.
He was an efficient, hard-working and confident ruler. He adapted the policy of borrowing in order to meet the expenditure of the royal court. However, poor harvests hurt that outlook. This led to resentment among the people who felt that they were being exploited by their own government. The most important changes, however, were social.
The First Estate or clergy constituted less than 2% of the French population. Ironically, he was the main associate of the draconian Committee of Public Safety. The Nobility and the Clergy got angry as they did not enjoy the same powers over the commoners of the Third Estate, as they use to before. Lancastrians felt British in the face of the French, but it was a particularly Lancastrian type of Britishness. Inherited problems By no means did Louis XVI inherit an easy situation. The Clergy belonged to the First Estate. They were excluded from covering many assessments and were permitted to gather levy from workers.
He was not able to harmonize the conflicting parties at court to arrive at coherent economic policies. This also included the abolition of Christianity and the launching of a new calendar. Historians have identified key issues inherent in the ancient regime that caused the revolution. The higher clergy occupied the top position in the society. The 2% of clergy and nobility were comparatively less in number. It also made her a prime target for revolutionaries who wanted to overthrow the monarchy.
It had many honors, including the assortment of offerings. The French Revolution inspired many people all around the world and left an. The French Monarchs engaged themselves in luxurious and extravagance at the royal court of Versailles. Diderot advocated for individual freedom. Nonetheless, the methods of reasoning of Enlightenment masterminds made the public think in an unexpected way. In one sense it was the French Revolution which completed the transition from medieval to the modern age.
Thirdly, there was an increase in borrowing by the state, which further increased its debt burden. This led to huge financial loss and a mountain of debt fell on the head of France. The third estate was a comprehensive category. The analysis shows that the contrast between the ideals of equality and meritocracy and their poor implementation in schools and universities has motivated his sharp critique of the French system of education. Marking of French Revolution- Fallen Bastille Bastille Saint-Antoine or The Bastille was a fortress which was used as a state prison by the Monarch on the Easter side of Paris. In an effort to raise money, King Louis XVI called for a meeting of the Estates-General—a legislative body made up of representatives from each of the three estates. On the other hand, the Third Estate that consisted of peasants and workers formed the majority of the population.
Causes of French Revolution: Political, Social and Economic Causes
The next person who was appointed by the King as the Finance Minister of France in 1783 was Callone. The first and second states formed a caste in itself, representing 3% of thepopulation. Readership: Students and scholars of modern British history and popular politics; those interested in the impact of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic wars". Every other person in France; including shippers, legal counselors, workers, and laborers; had a place with the Third Estate, which contained around 98% of the French populace. He removed the system of forced labour for the construction of roads and imposed a simple tax.