Ap european history chapter 19 outline. AP European History Chapter 19 2023-01-06
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Chapter 19 of a European History textbook covers the period from the late 18th century to the early 19th century, a time of significant political, economic, and cultural change in Europe. This outline provides a summary of the key events and developments of this time period.
The French Revolution (1789-1799)
The French Revolution was a period of radical political and social change in France, marked by the end of the monarchy and the rise of the First French Republic.
The Revolution was sparked by widespread discontent with the monarchy, particularly among the middle and lower classes, who were suffering from economic inequality and high taxes.
Key events of the Revolution include the storming of the Bastille, the execution of King Louis XVI, and the Reign of Terror under Maximilien Robespierre.
The Revolution had a significant impact on European politics and society, inspiring other revolutions and leading to the spread of Enlightenment ideas.
The Napoleonic Wars (1799-1815)
The Napoleonic Wars were a series of wars fought between France and various European powers, including Britain, Austria, Prussia, and Russia.
The wars were sparked by the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte, who had become the leader of France following the Revolution. Napoleon sought to spread the ideals of the Revolution and establish a French-dominated Europe.
The wars had a significant impact on Europe, leading to the reorganization of national borders and the spread of nationalism.
The Industrial Revolution (1760-1840)
The Industrial Revolution was a period of rapid industrialization and technological innovation in Europe, marked by the development of new sources of energy, such as steam power, and the introduction of new manufacturing techniques.
The Industrial Revolution had a significant impact on European society, leading to the growth of cities and the emergence of a new industrial working class.
The Industrial Revolution also had a global impact, as European powers began to colonize and industrialize parts of Africa, Asia, and the Americas.
The Congress of Vienna (1814-1815)
The Congress of Vienna was a conference of European powers that was held to redraw national borders and establish a new balance of power in Europe following the Napoleonic Wars.
The Congress was successful in establishing a new order in Europe that lasted for several decades, but it also faced criticism for its conservative nature and for restoring many of the pre-revolutionary regimes.
Romanticism and the Arts (late 18th-early 19th centuries)
Romanticism was a cultural and artistic movement that emerged in Europe in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, characterized by a focus on emotion, imagination, and individualism.
Romanticism had a significant impact on the arts, with notable figures such as William Wordsworth, Lord Byron, and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe making significant contributions to literature, music, and painting.
Romanticism also had a political aspect, with many Romantic writers and artists advocating for social and political reform.
In conclusion, the late 18th and early 19th centuries were a time of significant change in Europe, marked by the French Revolution, the Napoleonic Wars, the Industrial Revolution, the Congress of Vienna, and the emergence of Romanticism. These events and developments had a lasting impact on European society and culture and continue to be studied and analyzed by historians today.
The Nat'l Assembly meets in a tennis court , where they take an oath to not break up until they have a constitution. With the exception of Holland, at least 80 percent of the people of all western European countries drew their livelihoods from agriculture Eastern higher percent b. This was in response to the Reign of Terror, which was getting out of hand. Him and his army went and attacked Belgium at Waterloo and fought the British and Prussians. The Third Estate received double representation because they made up the majority of the population. In preindustrial Europe, the harvest was the real king, which was often cruel 2. It will also require students to approach the topic of European History with an analytical mind, and teach them how to observe historical events and interpret them.
Three-year rotations were introduced that permitted a year of wheat or rye to be followed by a year of oats or beans and then by a year of fallow still plowed c. A new constitution was being written being a more conservative republic with more stability. Students that wish to get accepted to their top college or university should seriously consider taking an Advanced Placement course or several. The course of action taken by the National Convention to establish a new order. We have European History. The meeting was broken down in 300 First Estate, 300 Second Estate, and 600 Third Estate. In 1700 European agriculture was much more ancient and medieval with an average of only five or six bushels of grain for every bushel of wheat sown c.
Louis XVI and his family favored them. When the Estates General first opened, the delegates of the third estate saw that they would always be beaten, as the clergy and nobility would usually vote together. Napoleon was allowed to rule on the island of Elba once he was defeated but he grew tired of this and went back and rallied the French. The areas of concentration include historical, political, and economic history coupled with an intense study of cultural and intellectual institutions and their development. Passive citizens The citizenry of France were divided into these two categories when being reorganized under the Constitution of 1791.
This was the third time the Estates-General had met. Additionally, students will learn how to use study notes, study guides, and other various study techniques in conjunction with AP World History books such as A History of Western Society, and Western Civilization. Girondins wanted to keep the king as a scapegoat for Paris mobs. Named after the month Thermidor in the new calendar. She lost her life to the guillotine due to her revolutionary ideas. The assembly was forced to disband after about a month, after Louis XVI wanted to re-establish absolutism.
Chapter 19: The Expansion of Europe in the Eighteenth Century
It also introduced the use of the guillotine as a quick way to enact capital punishment, taking the lives of possibly 50,000. Agriculture and the Land 1. This was installed to solve the domestic crisis, making victims those who didn't support sans-culotte activity, including Olympe de Gouges and Marie Antoinette. First emerged as radical deputies. Hated by all of France for a variety of reasons. Called this because of their seats high in the assembly hall. Ran the Reign of Terror and even betrayed his allies.
People who were involved in the Reign of Terror were attacked and sometimes murdered. The calling of the Estates General in 1789 led to the French Revolution. Also wanted to remove the patronage on the nobility that was such a drain on the national coffers. It also rid of some of the Revolution's more radical reforms, like easy divorce or limited father authority over children. Students will also come to learn the importance of geography in the study of European history, and its effect on European politics and conflicts over the course of individual country relationships. What were the long-range and immediate causes of the French Revolution? Traditional village rights reinforced the traditional pattern of farming and in addition to rotating, villages maintained open meadows for hay and natural pasture set aside for draft horses, oxen, cows, and pigs of the village community d. She was executed during the Reign of Terror.
AP Euro Chapter 19: A Revolution in Politics: The Era of the French Revolution and Napoleon Flashcards
Jacobins were executed a little more due process than they gave to others. Economic regulation was dropped due to laissez-faire. When the Bastille fell, it symbolized the defeat of despotism. The Course is divided into several topics. Begin to demand more equal rights. He returned to France with ideas of individual liberties and notions of republicanism and popular sovereignty, and became a member of the Society of Thirty which was influential in the early stages of the French Revolution Former: Made up of clergy. Religion was linked with the Ancient Regime, and Superstition, and so the Committee of Public Safety enacted measures to reduce its influence.
In her Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen 1791 , she challenged the practice of male authority and the notion of male-female inequality. They had clubs in the provinces. XP 47801672 Jaques Necker A hired financial expert. What role did each of the following play in the French Revolution: lawyers, peasants, women, the clergy, the Jacobins, the sans-culottes, the French revolutionary army, and the Committee of Public Safety? While there is no prerequisite for AP European History, students should make sure that they are prepared for the course load associated with an Advanced Placement History course. Cults could worship freely. This charter, influenced by the Enlightenment and American Revolution, declared basic liberties and principles: liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression; end of aristocratic privileges and arbitrary arrest; restricted monarchy and full right to legislative process; and freedom of speech and press.
AP European History Chapter 19 Questions and Answers with Complete Solutions
They fought once at Borodino where the French won a costly battle. The Russians kept on retreating and when they finally got to Moscow, everything was burned so the French army left. The renaming was part of the dechristianization movement in France. He was king at the time of the French Revolution and initially tried to dissolve dissension through force until he began trying to assist the Parisian needs after the Women's March. She lost her life to the guillotine due to her revolutionary ideas. This course focuses on the modern history of the Western world. The Foreign Policy of Napoleon, essentially an effort to thwart English advancement by nationally prohibiting British trade with France.