3 main causes of french revolution. Causes of French Revolution: Political, Social and Economic Causes 2022-12-08
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The French Revolution was a pivotal moment in the history of France and had a profound impact on the course of modern history. It was a complex and multifaceted event that was driven by a variety of factors, but there are three main causes that are most commonly cited as contributing to the outbreak of revolution in France: economic, social, and political.
One of the primary causes of the French Revolution was economic. France was facing a significant economic crisis in the years leading up to the Revolution, with high levels of debt and a stagnant economy. This was due in part to the high costs of wars, such as the Seven Years' War and the American Revolution, which had drained the country's resources. In addition, the French monarchy and aristocracy were known for their extravagance and lavish spending, which further contributed to the country's economic difficulties.
Another cause of the French Revolution was social. There was a significant divide between the privileged classes, such as the monarchy, aristocracy, and clergy, and the common people, known as the Third Estate. The Third Estate, which made up the majority of the population, was subjected to high taxes and had few rights or privileges. In contrast, the privileged classes enjoyed a life of luxury and were exempt from many of the taxes and duties that weighed heavily on the common people. This social inequality was a major source of resentment and contributed to the growing sense of unrest and discontent that led to the Revolution.
Finally, political factors also played a role in the French Revolution. The French monarchy was an absolute monarchy, with the king holding all power and authority. However, the king, Louis XVI, was seen as indecisive and ineffective, and the government was corrupt and inefficient. This led to widespread frustration and anger among the people, who saw the government as unresponsive to their needs and concerns. In addition, the Enlightenment, a period of intellectual and philosophical ferment, had exposed the people of France to new ideas about democracy and individual rights, further fueling their desire for change.
In conclusion, the French Revolution was caused by a combination of economic, social, and political factors. The country's economic crisis, the social divide between the privileged and the common people, and the corruption and inefficiency of the government all contributed to the widespread discontent that led to the outbreak of revolution.
What are the main causes of the French revolution?
In this situation, the king at last summoned the States General. They believed that their rights had been violated by the monarchy and the aristocracy, so they fought for independence from the government. The news that Louis XVI was going to increase the taxes, was regarded as the immediate cause of the French Revolution. Louis XVI was predominately the king during this time period but little did he know that an uprising among the peasants was happening. Some of these ideas led to the French Revolution, such as freedom, democracy, and equality.
3 major causes of the french revolution Essay Example
Which Event Sparked Off the French Revolution? What were the main causes of French Revolution Class 9 5 marks? Others may be protesting against unfair treatment or corruption. Louis XIV 1643-1715 of the Bourbon Dynasty was a powerful monarch. Was France a rich or poor country in the 18th century? Was this answer helpful? But, as with all things historical, there's also a lengthy and complex answer: It depends. In this period, the Colonies protested against the British Empire and entered into the American Revolutionary War, also known as the American War of Independence. How Did the French Guards Respond to the Bastille Being Attacked? Regarding the idea that a change in culture was the root of the French Revolution, there are primarily two schools of thought. The higher clergy lived in the midst of scandalous luxury and extravagance. Popular Sovereignty In The French Revolution 1202 Words 5 Pages May 5, 1789, the beginning of the infamous French Revolution.
what were the three main causes of the french revolution?
Third Estate was starving, very poor, and already pay 50% of their earnings. What are 3 main causes of the French Revolution? Queen had poor advice and interfered in government which was bad because she was a member of the royal family in Austria who is France's enemy married to Louis as a peace treaty Louis' solution was to impose taxes on the Second Estate nobility because he reached his limit on taxing the Third Estate. The second cause was social tensions between the different classes of society. But he was dismissed by the king. It also led to the eventual development of the Welfare State. It resulted in the monarchy in France being overthrown and lasted from 1789 to 1799.
What Were The 3 Main Causes Of The French Revolution?
The Estates System, an antiquated feudal social structure that divided society into three classes—clerics, nobility, and everyone else—was not exclusive to France. Inspite of this, the clergies and the nobles employed them in their fields in curve. They called themselves the National Assembly. Political and Economic Causes of the American Revolution 864 Words 4 Pages The American Revolution 1700-1790 was a historical event in time, where the Thirteen Colonies that became the United States of America, gained independence from the British Empire. In the end, the revolution was a gruesome disaster that altered France forever. The middle class resented political exclusion, the lower classes didn't want to support the current feudal system and the government was on the brink of bankruptcty.
But he often forbade looting, and did not hesitate to order summary executions for disobeying his orders. These factors destabilized society and increased the political influence of the commoners. The immediate impact of the French Revolution was the death of thousands of aristocrats on the guillotine, the desecration of many Catholic cathedrals and churches and the abolishment of religion, and the establishment of a republic in 1792 after the arrest of the King at the Royal Palais. Thus, the entire Reign of Terror in France began. The execution of King Louis XVI in 1793 pushed the French Revolution into a new radical stage.
Causes of French Revolution: Political, Social and Economic Causes
In early 1798, Bonaparte proposed a military expedition to seize Egypt. During the reign period of Louis XVI, the royal treasury became empty as extravagant expenses of his queen Marie Antoinette. When Louis XVI was prepared to use force to dissolve reliant, the Paris people upraised on July 14, they captured The Storming of the Pastille which symbolizes the French feudal rule. But, for the most part, discipline was loose. While the wealthy were exempt from paying taxes, the Third Estate became increasingly burdened with them. It began in 1789, and lasted for more than a decade.
According to estimates, the French working class spent more than 90% of their daily income on bread alone. Causes of the French Revolution Not only were the royal coffers depleted, but several years of poor harvests, drought, cattle disease and skyrocketing bread prices had kindled unrest among peasants and the urban poor. On June 12, 1789, fear and violence swept through Paris as the National Assembly convened at Versailles. King Louis was young, distracted and misguided. The excessive taxation and starvation, caused by the actions of the nobility, dug France into a state of turmoil and vulnerability to drastic change.
The Great Chinese Famine The Great Chinese Famine is widely regarded as the deadliest famine and one of the greatest man-made disasters in human history, with an estimated death toll due to starvation that ranges in the tens of millions 15 to 55 million. After all of the blood shed, the laws, civil rights, and codes did not get instituted effectively and did not represent the values that the citizens had fought for. Causes of the French and Indian War The French and Indian War began over the specific issue of whether the upper Ohio River valley was a part of the British Empire, and therefore open for trade and settlement by Virginians and Pennsylvanians, or part of the French Empire. In second half of the 1 8th century, the famous movement of the Enlightenment was popular. It has a great influence on the development of world history, shook the entire European feudal system and gave a heavy blow to the feudal system. The social tensions mentioned here, according to Marxist historians like Lefebvre and Soboul, were the primary driving force behind the revolution. The Austrian Empress Marie Theresa, who planted the seeds for the French Revolution, was the mother of Marie Antoinette.